Melasma – a pigment disorder primarily affects women
It appears as a darkened patch of skin that is persistent and even after treatment will have a tendency to return. It is also different from other types of pigmentation such as age spots in that it can exist in both the superficial epidermal and deeper dermal layers of the skin.
The causes of melasma are not fully understood but factors which tend to promote melasma include exposure to ultraviolet light, hormonal changes especially during and post pregnancy, genetic predisposition and inflammation.
The result of these “triggers” is an increase in melanin production in localised areas of the skin resulting in dark patches. Women with darker skin types are far more prone to developing melasma.